Fibroid removal is a surgical procedure to remove fibroids, which are non-cancerous growths that can develop in the uterus. Fibroids can trigger symptoms like heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle, pain, and pressure on the bladder or the rectum. Fibroid removal can be done using a variety of surgical techniques, including hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), myomectomy (removal of the fibroids), and uterine artery embolization (blocking the blood supply to the fibroids). The specific technique used will depend on the individual's circumstances and will be determined by their doctor. Fibroid removal can help to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life.

The most common types of fibroids are:

  1. Submucosal fibroids: These fibroids grow within the uterine cavity and can cause heavy menstrual bleeding.
  2. Intramural fibroids: These fibroids grow within the wall of the uterus and can cause the uterus to become enlarged.
  3. Subserosa fibroids: These fibroids grow on the outside of the uterus and can cause the uterus to become enlarged.
  4. Pedunculated fibroids: These fibroids grow on a stalk or peduncle and can cause the uterus to become enlarged.

The type of fibroids a person has can affect their symptoms and treatment options. It is essential to talk to your doctor about the type and location of your fibroids to determine the best course of action.

Here are some common questions and answers about fibroid removal:

Q: What are the symptoms of fibroids?

A: The symptoms of fibroids can vary, but common symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, pressure on the bladder or rectum, and frequent urination. Fibroids may be a reason for the uterus to become bigger and cause feelings that you are full or feel pressure within the abdominal.

Q: How are fibroids diagnosed?

A: Fibroids are typically diagnosed through a physical exam and imaging tests, such as an ultrasound. Your doctor may also perform a biopsy, in which a small tissue sample is removed and examined under a microscope.

Q: Are fibroids cancerous?

A: Most fibroids are non-cancerous (benign), but in rare cases, fibroids can become cancerous (malignant). It is essential to have regular check-ups with your doctor and to report any changes in your symptoms, as this can help to identify any potential problems early on.

Q: What are the treatment options for fibroids?

The fibroids' treatments depend on the extent and location of the fibroids and the individual's health issues and general health. Treatment options include medications to treat symptoms, pain medications, hormonal birth control, or surgical procedures for removing fibroids. Your doctor can assist you to choose the most effective treatment option.

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